The standard cost per unit of product is shown below. Gandolph Game Company has established the following standards for the prime costs of one unit of its chief product, dartboards. Calculate the following variances and indicate if each variance is favorable or unfavorable. Compare the standard cost control methodology to the statistical process control methodology and discuss how you believe each should be used. Does the traditional standard cost system described in this chapter recognize the concept of variability that is the basis of the statistical control chart methodology? (See the Introduction and the Onsi article mentioned above in footnote 1.
This overhead rate is determined by dividing budgetd overhead costs by an expected standard activity index. For example the index can be standard direct labor hours or standard machine hours.
This chapter has focused on performing variance analysis to evaluate and control operations. Standard costing systems assist in this process and often involve recording https://online-accounting.net/ transactions using standard cost information. When accountants use a standard costing system to record transactions, companies are able to quickly identify variances.
Budget data are not journalized in cost accounting. Standard cost will be incorporated into accounting systems.
For fixed overhead costs. The traditional spending and efficiency variances are calculated on the left-hand side of Exhibit using the flexible budget based on the actual quantity of the allocation basis . However, these variances cannot be calculated in the traditional analysis because the actual quantities and budgeted prices of each of the indirect resources are simply not available. The analysis of variable overhead costs in standard costing typically includes two variances, the spending variance and the efficiency variance. The following symbols are used below to help illustrate these measurements. In this case, the actual quantity of materials used is 0.50 pounds, the standard price per unit of materials is $7.00, and the standard quantity used is 0.25 pounds.
It could be due to theft, waste, or differences in material quality, among others. The most rigorous of all standards is the ideal standard.
If a variance arises, management becomes aware that manufacturing costs have differed from the standard costs. The standard cost provides the basis for determining variances from standards. From a consideration of the standard price to be paid and the standard quantity to be used.
Describe two ways to record and analyze direct materials price variances. Material Usage Variance is the difference between the standard quantity specified for actual production and the actual quantity used at the standard purchase price.
Charitable organizations. Amount of overtime paid. Shift premiums. Excess staff wages, both from over-staffing and idle hours.
Which of the following is incorrect about a standard cost accounting system? It is applicable to job order costing. It is applicable to process costing. It reports only favorable variances. It keeps separate accounts for each variance. if actual direct materials costs are greater than standard direct materials costs, it means that The computation of the manufacturing overhead variance is conceptually the same as the computation of the materials and labor variances. Analyzing variances begins with a determination of the cost elements that comprise the variance.
The master budget shows the following standards information and indicates the company expected to produce and sell 4,000 units for the month of May. Based on your answer to requirement b, prepare a journal entry to record direct labor costs. Assume Mammoth Company produced 40,000 units last quarter. Using the solution to Note 10.40 “Review Problem 10.4”, prepare a journal entry to record direct labor costs. Explain how to record standard costs and variances using journal entries.
The overhead volume variance is favorable if standard hours allowed for output is greater than the standard hours at normal capacity. Is it appropriate, or helpful to management, to think of the variable overhead spending variance as a price variance and the variable overhead efficiency variance as a quantity variance? Why or why not? (See Exhibit 10-16).